Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals Pb, Cd And Zn On Bentos In The Estuary of Porong River Sidoarjo

Yudita Rahma Sari, Barlah Rumhayati, Arie Srihardyastutie

Abstract


This study was conducted to determine the effect of biota type and size, pH and salinity of water bodies on bioaccumulation based on value (BCF). Water sampling, biota and sediment were carried out at two sites at the mouth of the Porong River ie estuarine waters near rivers and estuaries near the sea. Water environment parameters used are pH and salinity. Analysis of metals in water and biota is done by total destruction while in sediment is analyzed metal fraction 1 is interchangeable metal (destruction using weak acid). In this research, there are 2 stages, 1st phase of atomic absorption spectrophotometry to know the metal concentration in the sample. Phase 2 was analyzed electrophoresis using SDS-PAGE to determine the effect of metal accumulation on biota body defense system. The results show that Sergestidae (shrimp) and Corbulidae (kupang) have the same ability to accumulate metals. Large sized biota (> 1 cm) has a higher bioaccumulation tendency than small biota (<1 cm). The effect of pH and salinity has not shown the correlation to the size of BCF value. The exposed biota defense system is characterized by the presence of hsp40 (35 kDa), hsp60 (50kDa) and hsp90 (90kDa) proteins.

Keywords


Heavy metals, pH, salinity, type and size of biota, bioaccumulation

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